Endnotes

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i Ellie Rubenstein, In Pursuit of Happiness, May 26, 2013, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uH9vxq1iJVM

ii President Lyndon Johnson, Remarks in Johnson City, Texas Upon Signing the Elementary and Secondary Education Bill, April 11, 1965, http://www.lbjlib.utexas.edu/johnson/archives.hom/speeches.hom/650411.asp

iii Patrick McGuinn and Frederick Hess, Freedom from ignorance, The Great Society and the evolution of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, The Great Society and the High Tide of Liberalism. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts. 2005

iv National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, Achievement Gaps, How black and white students in public schools perform in Mathematics and reading on the National Assessment of educational progress, 2009, http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/studies/gaps/

v National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, Achievement Gaps, How black and white students in public schools perform in Mathematics and reading on the National Assessment of educational progress, 2009, http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/studies/gaps/

vi Reading and Mathematics Score Trends, National Center for Educational Statistics, Updated April 2013, http://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/indicator_cnj.asp

vii Department of Education Reorganization Act Statements, President Jimmy Carter, October 17, 1979, http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=31543

viii The Goals 2000: Educate America Act (P.L. 103-227), section 211, Federal Legislation, http://www2.ed.gov/legislation/GOALS2000/TheAct/sec211.html

ix Public High School Graduation Rates, National Center for Education Statistics, Updated May 2013, http://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/indicator_coi.asp

x Percentage distribution of 4th- and 8th-grade students across National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading achievement levels: Selected years, 1992-2011, National Center for Educational Statistics, Updated March 2013, http://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/indicator_cnb.asp

xi National Governors Association and National Governors Association Center for Best Practice,

xii Consolidated Financial Report, June 30, 2012, June 30, 2011 and June 30, 2010, http://www.nga.org/cms/home/about/financial-statements.html

xiii Council of Chief State School Officer, Financial Statements, 2010-2012, http://ccsso.org/Who_We_Are.html

xiv The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Awarded Grants Database, http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database

xiv Lenore Ealy, The Foundation for Economic Education, “Common Core: A Tocquevillean Education or Cartel Federalism?” May 14, 2013. http://www.fee.org/the_freeman/detail/common-core-a-tocquevillean-education-or-cartel-federalism#axzz2U8CMHGpQ

xv U.S. Department of Education, “Duncan Offers Stimulus Funds for States to Develop Rigorous Assessments Linked to Common Standards,” June 15, 2009, http://www2.ed.gov/news/pressreleases/2009/06/06152009a.html

xvi Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, “Fewer, Clearer, Higher: Moving Forward with Consistent, Rigorous Standards for All Students,” www.gatesfoundation.org

xvii The Council of Chief State School Officers and The National Governors Association Center for Best Practices, Common Core Standards Memorandum of Agreement, signed by Dave Freudenthal and Dr. Jim McBride.

xviii The Council of Chief State School Officers and The National Governors Association Center for Best Practices, Common Core Standards Memorandum of Agreement, signed by Dave Freudenthal and Dr. Jim McBride.

xix Documentation on file with the author.

xx Documentation on file with the author.

xxi Documentation on file with the author.

xxii Alan Moore, Christine Steele, WDE staff, Briefing to Governor Freudenthal, Common Core Standards Project, May 7, 2009, document on file with author.

xxiii Wyoming State Board of Education Meeting MINUTES, August 5, 2009, Little America Conference Room, Cheyenne, WY http://edu.wyoming.gov/stateboardofeducation/Meeting_Materials.aspx

xxiv Wyoming State Board of Education Meeting MINUTES, January 14, 2010, Teleconference, http://edu.wyoming.gov/stateboardofeducation/Meeting_Materials.aspx

xxv Wyoming State Board of Education Meeting MINUTES, April 16, 2010, Goshen County School District #1 Board Room, Torrington, WY http://edu.wyoming.gov/stateboardofeducation/Meeting_Materials.aspx

xxvi Wyoming Department of Education Standards Team, “Recommendations Related to Adopting the Common Core State Standards in English Language Arts and Math,”

xxvii Common Core State Standards Initiative, http://www.corestandards.org/public-license

xxviii Robert S. Eitel and Kent D. Talbert, The Road to a National Curriculum: The legal aspects of Common Core, Race to the Top and the Conditional Waivers, Feb. 16, 2012, http://www.fed-soc.org/publications/detail/the-road-to-a-national-curriculum-the-legal-aspects-of-the-common-core-standards-race-to-the-top-and-conditional-waivers

xxix http://reason.org/files/wsf/poudre.pdf

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